The main building of National Museum (Narodni Muzeum) is located at the top end of Wenceslas Square, between Mezibranska and Legerova Street. It was built in 1891 by Czech architect Josef Schulz.
The National Museum building was damaged several times during its history. In 1945, at the end of World War II, a bomb damaged National Museum severely. In 1968, when Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces invaded Czechoslovakia and Prague, National Museum got under fire by machine guns, which created many small holes in its walls and pillars. You can still see the scars of the damage today, because the building was repaired using limestone with different (lighter) colour. The filled-in machine gun holes are particularly well recognizable on the pillars in National Museum’s front wall, facing Wenceslas Square.
Since 2009 National Museum also owns the modern-style building next to its main building (former stock exchange, then Federal Assembly, then Radio Liberty – Free Europe, and eventually the museum).
How to Get to National Museum
It is extremely easy to get to National Museum from any part of Prague. Muzeum Metro Station is the interchange of two (A and C) out of the total three Prague metro lines. The station is just one stop from Prague Main Train Station (Hlavni Nadrazi) and from Mustek Station, which is another metro interchange located at the opposite (bottom) end of Wenceslas Square.
Hotels near National Museum
The area around National Museum and Wenceslas Square upper end is quite a popular place to stay for tourists, despite its location away from the Old Town (it is only 10 minutes walk though). There are several good hotels near National Museum. The main advantage, besides the proximity of Wenceslas Square shops and clubs, is outstanding public transport access.